European Pillar of Social Rights

Authors: Biletta, Isabella
Publisher: Eurofound
Date: Dec 2019

Casual work, both intermittent and on-call, contributes to labour market flexibility and is therefore increasingly used across Europe. In some countries, practices go beyond the use of casual employment contracts to include other types of contracts and forms of self-employment. While it offers some advantages for both employers and workers, it is often discussed by policymakers at EU and national levels due to the observed negative consequences it has for some workers. Impacts include economic insecurity and unpredictability of working time, which in turn affect workers’ health, well-being and social security. From a labour market perspective, casual work raises concerns about decent social inclusion of vulnerable groups, labour market segmentation and more general trends towards fragmentation of work and brain drain. Some policy responses have already been implemented to tackle these issues; further policy pointers are flagged in the report.

Publisher: Etui
Date: 2019

Benchmarking Working Europe, the annual stock-take of European economic, labour market and social affairs is published today by the European Trade Union Institute. This year’s report calls for action to stimulate investment, as well as reforms to fiscal rules to allow policy to play a more active role in stabilising economies and securing sustainable growth. Above all, inequality and insecurity must be tackled through reversing deregulation and reviving collective bargaining. Benchmarking also flags up the longer term challenges of the four ‘megatrends’ of climate and demographic change, digitalisation and globalisation. Published annually since 2001, Benchmarking Working Europe puts worker’s concerns firmly at the centre of its analysis and policy proposals. The four chapters analyse the areas of economic growth, labour market changes, wage developments and worker’s participation.

Authors: Ramon Peña Casas, Dalila Ghailani, Slavina Spasova, Bart Vanherke
Publisher: European Commission
Date: May 2019

Getting people into quality jobs is key to achieving the European Union’s ambition of fostering upward convergence in living standards across all Member States. However, while working is generally considered as the best way to avoid poverty, this is not sufficient for almost one out of ten European workers. This report produced by the European Social Policy Network (ESPN) shows that addressing in-work poverty remains a key challenge— in spite of the wide array of existing policies and policy reforms underway. Beyond the damaging consequences for European societies, in-work poverty signals a fundamental social unfairness: working is not a guarantee for avoiding poverty.

Authors: Hurley, John; Vacas‑Soriano, Carlos; Muraille, Marcel; Lantto, Eero
Publisher: Eurofound
Date: Nov 2018

A living wage has been defined as a measure of income that allows an employee a basic but socially acceptable standard of living. In recent decades, living wage initiatives have emerged in a small number of mainly English-speaking countries, including the UK and Ireland. These initiatives have developed in response to the inadequacy of income for many working households reliant on existing statutory minimum wage rates. They set out a methodology for calculating a wage that would allow wage earners and their dependents to live with dignity, in line with the fair wage provisions set out in the European Pillar of Social Rights adopted in 2017. This report aims to provide policymakers with a practical guide to the living wage concept.

Authors: Weber, Tina; Hurley, John; Mandl, Irene; Bisello, Martina; Vacas‑Soriano, Carlos Publisher: Eurofound Date: 2020

Prior to the unfolding of the economic impact of the COVID-19 crisis, Europe’s labour market recovery was bringing the EU employment rate close to its EU2020 target of 75%. Although unique in its specific nature, lessons from previous crisis have shown that retaining workers’ attachment to the labour market and, where possible, enhancing skills are important ways to ensure a rapid recovery. Employment growth has been consistently weakest in mid-paid jobs – most noticeably during recessions – and consistently strongest in well-paid jobs. Stability in levels of atypical work is masking a rise in precarious work for certain groups where growing numbers of workers are on ‘other’ or ‘no contracts’. The growth of different types of non-standard contracts is leading to deeper divisions in EU labour markets between well-protected workers and those with limited access to social protection and employment rights. This is particularly the case for the growing numbers of those in ‘compound non-standard’ employment (having a mix of non-standard work statuses: for example, temporary and part-time, self-employed and part-time)…


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